Hodgkin Lymphoma: Treatment Options
One of the two major types of lymphoma that begin in the lymph nodes and tissues of the lymphatic system. All other lymphomas are classified as non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Hodgkin lymphoma has characteristic cell, the Reed-Sternberg cell, seen by the pathologist under the microscope when looking at the tissue from the biopsy. is a highly curable form of Abnormal cell growth that cannot be controlled by the body's natural defenses. Cancerous cells can grow and eventually form tumors.. Most people with Hodgkin lymphoma will receive Several drugs given together to increase response rate of certain tumors., some with and some without radiation. Other treatments may include stem cell or Spongy material found inside the bones containing stem cells that develop into three types of cells: red blood cells that deliver oxygen to the body and take away carbon dioxide; white blood cells that protect the body from infection; and platelets transplantation.
Treatment with drugs to stop the growth of rapidly dividing cancer cells, including lymphoma cells.
Chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma often consists of giving multiple drugs together, called combination chemotherapy. Chemotherapies used in the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma include:
- ABVD: Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, Rubex); Bleomycin (Blenoxane); Vinblastine (Velban, Velsar); and Dacarbazine (DTIC)
- Stanford V: Mechlorethamine (Mustargen); Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, Rubex); Vinblastine (Velban, Velsar); Bleomycin (Blenoxane); Etoposide (VP-16, VePesid); Prednisone (Deltasone); and Involved Field radiation
- BEACOPP: Bleomycin (Blenoxane); Etoposide (VP-16, Vepesid); Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, Rubex); Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan); Vincristine (Oncovin); Procarbazine (Matulane); and Prednisone (Deltasone)
Targeted therapy used in the frontline treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma include:
- Brentuximab vedotin (ADCETRIS) + AVD [Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, Rubex); Vinblastine (Velban, Velsar); and Dacarbazine (DTIC)]
The use of radiation beams (X-rays) to treat a cancer.
Radiation may be combined with chemotherapy. Hodgkin lymphoma generally spreads predictably from one The watery fluid in the lymph system that contains white blood cells (lymphocytes). node to another. When the lymphoma is confined to a specific area of the body, for example, the neck, involved-field radiation may be given, meaning the therapy is limited to a small area. When radiation therapy is given more broadly to larger common areas, it is called extended-field radiation.
To learn more about treatment options for HL, download our Hodgkin Lymphoma booklet.